Horse Breeds

All Horse Breeds List

Horse Breed Profiles 


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Akhal Teke

The ancestors of the ancient and elegant Akhal Teke were also fundamental in the creation of the Thoroughbred and many other light breeds across the world. The current Akhal Teke emerged around the 8th century!

Alter Real

The Alter Real became famous in high level dressage as early at 1760 in the Royal Riding School of Portugal. The Alter Real is a branch of the Lusitano, with the added influence of Spanish mares.

American Bashkir Curly

The American Bashkir Curly is native to America, derrived from older Bashkir type horses found in the American Northwest. There is a lot aboui the American Curly that is not true of any other Curly type.

American Paint Horse


The American Paint is not simply a color breed, as they also carry the conformation and bloodlines of the Quarter Horse, offering the same abilities but with lots of color added.

American Saddlebred

American-Saddlebred-iconThe American Saddlebred, reated in the United States after 250 years of selective breeding, is today’s 5 gaited, ultimate show ring star and also a champion in many other disciplines.


Andalusian-horse-iconKnown today as PRE (pure Spanish), the Andalusian traces to the Iberian wild steeds from prehistoric times and has provided foundation bloodlines for many breeds, including almost all in America.


Anglo-Arab-iconThe Anglo-Arab is a combination of Arabian and Thoroughbred and has been a preferred all around favorite for over 150 years in Britain, France especially, and Europe in general.


Appaloosa-horse-iconEvery Appaloosa is totally unique in color! The Appy is known world wide and was created by the Nez Perce Indians, who are now in the process of creating yet another breed!


Arabian-horse-iconThe Arabian with his characteristic high forehead and delicate dry profile, proudly carried tail, intelligence and gentleness is of ancient heritage and has provided foundation blood to many, many other breeds.

Argentine Criollo

Argentine-Criollo-iconThe Argentine Criollo is renown for endurance over great distances and varying terrain, is easy to handle, agile and quite speedy too for competition sports.

Australian Stock Horse

Australian-Stock-Horse-iconThe Australian Stock Horse , once called the Waler, is the working horse of its country. Once world famous as cavalry mounts, cow work and carriage transport, a perservation societiy was formed in 1971.


Azteca-horse-iconAzteca is the first breed developed in Mexico, and is both lively and docile, famous for their paces and action, and as suitable for ranch work as they are for dressage.



barb-horse-iconThe Barb originated in northwestern Africa, and is similar to the Iberian in build, with a convex profile and a good degree of collection in way of going. A Barb stallion was one of the foundation sires of the Thoroughbred.


Bashkir-horse-iconThe Bashkir, from the Russian steppes, is noted for endurance and a great tolerance for work in all weather. Bred pure, they are also used to improve other Russian breeds. Koumiss, a health product is made from a Bashkir mare’s milk.


Boer-horse-iconThe Boer or Boerperd was developed in South Africa, but was also influenced by American Quarter blood, along with Saddlebred and Standardbred. A stud book was finally formed in 1942.


Brumby-horse-iconThe Brumby is the wild horse of Australia, with those who wish to preserve them and those who do not. There is no doubt Brumbies would be excellent in endurance competitions! Their plight is similar to that of America’s Mustangs.


Buckskin-horse-iconBucksin is a color, not a breed, although there is a Buckskin registry. The color is admired by many and sought after. Knowing the genetics of color is the key!


Budenny-horse-iconBudenny, also spelled Bodenny, Budyonny, Budennii, or Budennoysky, is a Russian and was begun in 1920 and complete by 1948. They are used for riding, racing, international sports, and to improve other breeds in their home country.


Canadian Horse

Canadian-Horse-iconThe Canadian Horse helped develop its home country, and then went further to achieve popularity in other countries. They are always registered with a three part name. They excel internationally in driving and dressage.


Caspian-horse-iconThe Caspian resembles the primeval equine and is most probably an ancestor of the Arabian showing all the Arab features except it is smaller in size.


Chilean-horse-iconThe Chilean is the oldest South American registiry, dating to 1893, but today is used more and more to compete in Rodeo sports. This “Caballo Chileno”, shares a strong genetic and cultural background with the Criollo registries of other South American countries.

Cleveland Bay

Cleveland-Bay-horse-iconThe British Cleveland Bay was unsupassed in coaching until the reign of George II. The stud book closed in 1936 and they survive thanks to Queen Elizabeth II. They proved top notch in international driving competion and we hope they may thrive.


Criollo-horse-iconThe Criollo, reknown for hardiness and endurance, remains the choice of the South American cowboys who need such a mount, with reining abilities and cow-sense.


Danish Warmblood

Danish-Warmblood-iconThe Danish Warmblood has risin to the top in international sporthorse competition, and are now viewed as Denmark’s national breed.


Don-horse-iconThe Don of Russian is most often a chestnut color with a golden sheen probably inhertited from the Karabakh, also of Russia. The Don of today is often raced in long distance events, as well as used in other compeitions.

Drum Horse

Drum-Horse-iconThe Drum Horse is being recognized as a breed in American, and is also used as a heavy riding horse. Competitions include traditional kettle drums and regimental skills.

Dutch Warmblood

Dutch-Warmblood-iconThe Dutch Warmblood is native to the Netherlands, but includes Thoroughbred blood. This sporthorse is valued by riders everywhere and performs in all disciplines internationally.



Finnhorse-horse-iconThe Finnhorse, sometimes called the Finnish Universal, of Finland has existed for 100 years as a lovely all around riding animal, and even a trotter, but its studbook dates form only 1907.

Florida Cracker

Florida-Cracker-iconThe Florida Cracker derives from Spamish Iberian ancestory after the Spanish ‘discovered’ Florida. An official associationa and registry was finally formed in 1989. The name comes from Florida ranchers use of cow whips, or crackers.

French Trotter

French-Trotter-iconThe French Trotter has no equal, and interestingly a good percent of races are under saddle. Apart from harness racking the French Trotter was important int the development of the Selle Francais and is a noted sire of jumpers too.


Friesian-horse-iconThe Friesian, have been saved twice from extinction, belongs to history as well as the future, displaying romance, beauty and elegant usefulness.


Gypsy Cob

Gypsy-Cob-horse-iconThe versatility of the Gypsy Cob is formidable, suitable for competition or the whole family. Another obvious characteristics is hair –long, silky, feathered and beautiful.


Hackney Horse

Hackney-Horse-iconThe Hackney comes from crossing an early Thoroughbred stallion with the British Norfolk Trotters. No other can claim the success the Hackney owns in harness. Further when out-crossed the Hackney is dominant.


Haflinger-horse-iconThe Hafligner originally comes from the mountain regions of the Sarn Valley in Italy and Austria, although they are in many counties today. The color is alway sorrel with a flaxen mane and tail.


Hanoverian-horse-iconThe Hanoverian , thanks to King George II when he resided in Germany prior to becomming England’s king, is an elegant and highly successful warmblood that has given the world many famous show jumpers and dressage champions internationally. Development dates from the 1700’s.


Holsteiner-horse-iconThe Holsteiner stud book in Germany, is one of the smallest in Europe, but has produced an extremely high percent of international and Olympic champions.


Hucul-horse-iconThe Hucul or Carpathian developed along a mountain range covering quite a distance, with varied country borders, but dates from the 13th Century. Having basically developed in the wild, they are sure footed and can trot at speed anywhere, includeing mountain trails.

Hunter Jumper Horses

Hunter-Jumper-Horses-iconThe history of a Hunter or Jumper spans many, many generations. Aalhtough jumping did not become a part of hunting until the late 1700’s, hunting and juming is second in populairty only to racing, all over the world.



Iberian-horse-iconSome historians claimed that the domestication of the equine first took place in the Ukraine. However, there is the evidence of cave paintings in Iberia, showing the Iberian steed existed as early as 25,000 B.C.


Icelandic-horse-iconThe Icelandic has never been allowed out-crossing, so remains very pure and has been used for all kinds of work and in sport. The small Icelandic can carry grown men at speed over long distances and difficult terrain.

Irish Cob

Irish-Cob-iconThe Irish Cob was created by the Travellers (gypsies) and have long been prized by their intelligent, willing temperament, their athletic ability and their capabilities of endurance are the stuff of legend.

Irish Draught

Irish-Draught-iconThe Irish Draught was developed after imported draft animals were not what the Irish farmer wanted, because hunting was equal to farmning. These days the animal is known as the Irish Sport Horse and is famous internationally.



Kathiawari-horse-iconThe ancient Kathiawari dating from the 1500’s, with inward pointed ear tips and elegance in total form, is an ongoing favorite yet today in India.

Kiger Mustang

Kiger-Mustang-iconThe Kiger Mustang herd is the most uniform wild herd in the West, having been isolated from other influences. They are a natural in working cattle and are succesful in many competitive events today.


Kinsky-horse-iconThe Kinsky, along with fame as a steeplechaser and hunter, is also famous for color, and is a cultural Czech gem.


kladruber-horse-iconThe Kaldruber stud was founded a year before the one in Lipiza, for the Lipizzan! The Kladrub was a favorite of royalty and in demand throughout Europe, and are in demand again for the same reasons owning the status of “World Cultural Monument”.


Knabstrupper-horse-iconThe Knabstrupper dates from the late 1700’s, and always carried color patterns like the Appaloosa. Known today as a Baroque and used for dressage, the blanket or leopard markings remain typical.



Lipizzan-hose-iconThe Lipizzan dates from 1580 (over 400 years ago), and is of course as famous all across the world as is the Spanish Riding School in Vienna. The Lipizzan is successful too in all levels of competition dressage and driving.


lusitano-horse-iconThe Lusitano or Puro Sangue Lusitano (PSL)which means pure blooded was prized for bull fighting ability, which is wonderfully identical with the ability for high school dressage. The Lusitano has a long history and is assuredly Iberian.


Mangalarga Marchador


The Mangalarga Marchador originated in Brazil, neither trots nor paces, but travels with a naturally smooth marching gait. The Mangalarga Marachador is good with cattle or pleasure and is a safe mount for children.


Maremma-horse-iconThe Maremma from Italy, is famous for working cattle in its native habitat, can also be a talented jumper, and is used in sports and recreational riding. Still bred in semi-wild herds, a stud book was founded in 1980.


Marwari-horse-iconThe Marwari has rare status today, although the history extends to Medieval times. This is a gaited animal, with many unique features and is now supported by the government of India.


Miniature-horse-iconThe Minaiture Horse, while not new in the world, is today official with many registries, and has become popular throughout the word.

Missouri Fox Trotter

Missouri-Fox-trotter-iconThe Missouri Fox Trotter, developed in the Ozark Mountains of America, is centuries old, possesses a very unique gait, is very sure-footed and provides a very comfortable ride.


Morgan-horse-iconThe Morgan was the first great American breed, based on one famous foundation sire named Figure, but later called Justin Morgan. Morgans are used in many disciplines and favored across the world.


Murgese-horse-iconThe Murgese , Murgesi or Murge, traces to Spanish rule in Italy, and was re-established in the 1920’s. Once a cavalry mount, they have a decided aptitude for classical dressage, sharing some bloodlines with the Lippizan.


Mustang-horse-iconMustangs were once seen in many, many colors. And those who know, who were there, and who saw much to admire, say the look of eagles in a tame horse’s eye is but a poor reflection of the steady radiance which was the essence of the wild ones.


National Show Horse

National-Show-Horse-iconThe National Show Horse is an exciting new cross, a combo of Arabian and American Saddlebred. In the UK a registry was set up in 1986 then handed over to the United Saddlebred Association in 1997, who still run it today.

Norwegian Fjord

Norwegian-Fjord-iconThe Norwegian Fjord came in the boats along with the Vikings, is found in variant types throughout Scandinavia but is bred principally in Norway. The Fjord is an excellent worker and outstanding in harness.



Oldenburg-horse-iconThe modern Oldenburg is lighter than its ancestors and moves with greater freedom, rhythmical and very correct gaits, and is known as a very successful international dressage, jumping and driving champion.



Palomino-horse-iconPalomino color results when the animal that would normally be born a sorrel or a chestnut inherits the cream gene as well. That gene then dilutes the basic body color to a golden tone.

Paso Fino

Paso-Fino-horse-iconDuring the nearly 500 years that Paso Fino hase been selectively perfected in the Western Hemisphere, they have been called upon to perform a diverse role, first in the conquest of, and then in the exploration and development of the Americas.

Peruvian Paso

Peruvian-Paso-iconThe Peruvian Paso, small in size and with hundreds of years of selection is a most distinctive animal of great endurance and is also a show ring star in many countries.


Pinto-horse-iconThe Pinto is a color breed, with patterns that descend from 1600 America and the influx of Spanish exploration. The Pinto is found world wide, but has breed status in American.

Polish Konik

Polish-Konik-horse-iconAssessing today’s semi-wild Polish Konik, one must take into account that there has been some outside blood, but also, that they trace back to only one local variant, which may or may not have differed from Tarpans of other regions.

Polo Pony

Polo-Pony-iconThe Polo Pony is not a breed, but is definately a type. While Thoroughbred in appearance, they have a typical, wiry quality of their own, ively, intelligent and full of character.

Pryor Mountain Mustang

Pryor-Mountain-Mustang-iconThe Pryor Mountain Mustangs originated from the ealry settlers although there were also other minor influences. These mustangs as a group really vary in phenotype.


Przewalski-s-horse-iconThe Przewalski is not the ancestor of our domestic breeds. Also the Przewalski of today is a re-introduced variety and not the orginal, pure blooded animal.


Quarter Horse

Quarter-Horse-iconThe Quarter Horse was developed from an American Indian gene pool, especially that of the Chickawaw, which were of Spanish origin, plus imported stallions from England. It is said no other holds a candle to this breed when it comes to cow work.



Roadster-horse-iconThe Roadster arose from the time when the best high stepping trotters took their owners to work and church in high style and great speed!
Roadster classes are popular as a show class today.

Rocky Mountain

Rocky-Mountain-iconThe Rocky Mountain Horse, originating in eastern Kentucky, is chocolate in color, with an ambling, easy riding gait that has become very popular. The stud book dates from 1986.


Selle Francais

Selle-Francais-iconThe Selle Francais, le cheval de Selle Francais, or the saddle horse of France was primarily developed as a show jumper, but also for racing.


Senner-horse-iconThe Senner, of the Senne area of Germany, was first mentioned in 1160 and eventually had some influence on most warmbloods of the country. Declared extinct in 1935, but there are ongoing attempts at reconstruction.

Shagya Arabian

Shagya-Arabian-iconThe Shagya Arabian, developed in Hungary, retains all that is Arabian, yet is greater in substance and size, with improved movement and conformation.


Sorraia-horse-iconThe Sorraia is not only a variant of the Tarpan, but also a primitive ancestor of the Andalusian and Lusitano breeds. Their genes have even been found in a few American mustangs.

Spanish Barb

Canadian-Horse-iconThe Spanish Barb never existed! There was very little influence of Barbs in Spain or Portugal, and practically none of the Arabian. So, the term Spanish Barb is fictitious and lacks a historical basis.

Spanish Horse

Spanish-Horse-iconThe Spanish Horse was a known fact to the invading Greeks as far back as 3000 B. C. when they quickly learned to fear the Iberian cavalry, and they continued to be prized over the millennia and influenced a vast number of breeds.

Spanish Mustang

Spanish-Mustang-iconThe Spanish Mustang, which became the ancestor of the wild horses of both, North, Central, and South America, were those that came with the Spaniards and Portuguese when they came to claim the land.

Sport Horse

Sport-Horse-iconUnder the title Sport Horse, are the disciplines of Show Jumping, Dressage, Eventing or Three Day Event, Combined Driving, and Fox Hunting.


Standardbred-horse-iconThe Standardbred, the American harness racer, expanded from a Thoroughbred (Messenger)who was the great grandsire of a horse named Hambletonian. All modern day Standardbreds trace back to four sons of Hambletonian.

Sulphur Springs Mustang

Sulphur-Springs-Mustang-iconThe Sulphur Springs Mustang, a small population (around 300) survived in Utah and represents one of the two most interesting and important feral herds in the United States.

Swedish Warmblood

Swedish-Warmblood-iconThe Swedish Warmblood is an elegant horse well-known in Olympic and other international competitions and is exceptionally good in the dressage ring because of the extreme forward reach in the trot and suppleness in the shoulder.



Tarpan-horse-iconThe Tarpan was a true wild animal in the zoological sense, with his unique phenotype that was different from the domestic equine. All crosses with the Tarpan looked like the Tarpan!

Tennessee Walking Horse

Tennessee-Walking-Horse-iconThe Tennessee Walker was developed in the central basin of Tennessee for hardy utility, but became famous in competition with his incredible gait, the running walk.


Thoroughbred-horse-iconThe Thoroughbred and his legacy in racing is quite well-known and famous, but his influence on so many other breeds is also global. The Thoroughbred himself excels in a vast number of disciplines.


Trakehner-horse-iconThe Trakehner, in type, was always an Anglo-Arab. This practice has maintained the elegance and refinement in a sporthorse that so often gives them the edge in competitions.



Warmblood-horse-iconThe definition of Warmblood today, simply means a modern sporthorse, but always with some Thoroughbred blood. However it’s fairly impossbile for even experts to recognize a Warmblood’s origin, be it Hanoverian, Oldenburger, Holsteiner, etc.

Welsh Cob

Welsh-Cob-horse-iconThe Welsh Cob came from the base stock of Welsh Mountain pony and is referred to as Section D in the stud book. This cob is stupendous in harness and also makes a good hunter.

Westphalian Warmblood

Westphalian-Warmblood-iconThe Westphalian Warmblood is one of many developed in Germany and has produced world-class individuals since the 1930’s with international and Olympic champions. This warmblood is of good size, from 16, 17 hands and taller!

Wild Horses

Wild-Horses-iconOut of 3 subspecies of Wild Horses existing; only 2 have a continuous history of living wild; and only 2 are ancestors of our domestic breeds.

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