Adult Horses Terminology
MARE – Adult female horse (3 years and older).
GELDING – Castrated adult male horse (3 years and older).
STALLION – Uncastrated adult male horse (3 years and older).
PONY – A full-grown small horse (14.2 hands and under).
Young Horses Terminology
FOAL – A newborn baby horse (before weaning).
WEANLING – A colt or filly who is 6 to 12 months old.
YEARLING – A horse who is between 1 and 2 years old.
COLT – Male horse (3 years old and under).
FILLY – Female horse (3 years old and under).
The Horse’s Body Terminology
CONFORMATION – The shape of a horse’s body. A horse with good conformation is stronger and more likely to stay sound than one with weak conformation.
HAND – Measures how tall a horse is (one hand = four inches).
LAME – A “lame horse” has an injury that interferes with his performance and/or health.
SOUND – A “sound horse” does not have any injuries that interfere with his performance and/or health.
POINTS – This word is used when describing the color of a horse. The “points” of a horse are his mane, tail, lower legs and the tips of his ears.
GAIT – The different speeds a horse can travel. Every horse has 4 natural “gaits”, the (1) walk (2) trot (3) canter (4) gallop.
Other Horse Words Terminology
WEANING – The gradual process of separating a foal from its mother.
TACK – All equipment used on a horse (bridle, saddle, halter, etc.)
LUNGING – A way of exercising a horse, using a lunge line that is attached to the horse’s halter. The horse moves in circles around the trainer, who stands in the middle holding the lunge line.
LUNGE LINE – A very long rein (about 20-40 feet) used to lunge a horse.
For additional horse words, view our Horse Words Dictionary.