Horse | Beginner Basics

Basic Horse Terminology

Equine Terminology

Adult Horses Terminology

MARE – Adult female horse (3 years and older).

GELDING – Castrated adult male horse (3 years and older).

STALLION – Uncastrated adult male horse (3 years and older).

PONY – A full-grown small horse (14.2 hands and under).

Basic Equine Terminology
Basic Equine Terminology


Young Horses Terminology

FOAL – A newborn baby horse (before weaning).

WEANLING – A colt or filly who is 6 to 12 months old.

YEARLING – A horse who is between 1 and 2 years old.

COLT – Male horse (3 years old and under).

FILLY – Female horse (3 years old and under).


The Horse’s Body Terminology

CONFORMATION – The shape of a horse’s body. A horse with good conformation is stronger and more likely to stay sound than one with weak conformation.

HAND – Measures how tall a horse is (one hand = four inches).

LAME – A “lame horse” has an injury that interferes with his performance and/or health.

SOUND – A “sound horse” does not have any injuries that interfere with his performance and/or health.

POINTS – This word is used when describing the color of a horse. The “points” of a horse are his mane, tail, lower legs and the tips of his ears.

GAIT – The different speeds a horse can travel. Every horse has 4 natural “gaits”, the (1) walk (2) trot (3) canter (4) gallop.


Other Horse Words Terminology

WEANING – The gradual process of separating a foal from its mother.

TACK – All equipment used on a horse (bridle, saddle, halter, etc.)

LUNGING – A way of exercising a horse, using a lunge line that is attached to the horse’s halter. The horse moves in circles around the trainer, who stands in the middle holding the lunge line.

LUNGE LINE – A very long rein (about 20-40 feet) used to lunge a horse.

For additional horse words, view our Horse Words Dictionary.

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